Research shows that effective CPD helps children succeed and teachers thrive. This page outlines some of that research. You might find it useful to share this with colleagues and other leaders.
David Weston, the founder/CEO of the Teacher Development Trust and the chair of the U.K. Department for Education’s Teacher Professional Development Expert Group, recently spoke at TEDx. Watch his video, where he outlines how developing great teachers can change the world.
We know from Viviane Robinson’s research that the most effective way that leaders can improve outcomes for children and young people is to focus on professional development. It may be surprising, but focussing on this rather than on the quality of teaching alone brings greater improvement for learner outcomes.
This chart summarises the research findings:
We also know from Sutton Trust research that the difference between the effect of poor teaching and that of highly effective teaching is just under half a year’s extra progress for most students.
Those from disadvantaged backgrounds are particularly affected: they stand to benefit even more than their classmates from effective teaching, but are similarly more sensitive to poor teaching. This underscores the need to raise the quality of teaching.
Finally, we know from the EPPI-Centre studies in to Collaborative Professional Development that when professional development is carried out effectively it has a host of benefits for both staff and students.
Together, these studies provide a compelling case that every school should be prioritising the professional development of its staff in order to bring about profound and lasting improvement.
Robinson, V.M.J., Lloyd, C., & Rowe, K.J. (2008). The impact of leadership on student outcomes: an analysis of the differential effects of leadership type. Educational Administration Quarterly, 44(5)635-674
Machin, S., Murphy, R., Hanushek, E. (2011). Improving the impact of teachers on pupil achievement in the UK – interim findings. http://www.suttontrust.com/public/documents/1teachers-impact-report-final.pdf
Cordingley, P. et. al (2003-2007) http://eppi.ioe.ac.uk/cms/Default.aspx?tabid=274
Using the Pupil Premium for CPD
Effective CPD has a powerful impact on pupil outcomes, particularly for those pupils who come from disadvantaged backgrounds.
How do we develop the world&squot;s best teachers?
Slides from David Weston’s talk at ResearchED.
What is effective CPD – other research
The next important question to ask is what does great CPD look like? Here is TDT’s choice of high-quality professional development articles and discussions for schools
Teacher Professional Learning and Development – A great place to start: based on New Zealand CPD meta-analysis of research, full of advice for effective professional learning.
What makes CPD Great? A brief best-practice guide from GoodCPDGuide.com
Ofsted: Good professional development in schools – A good practice report, considering what makes CPD work so well in successful school
Great professional development which leads to great pedagogy: nine claims from research – by the National College for School Leadership
Professional Learning in the Learning Profession – A Status report on teacher development in the United States and abroad (quite long)
The surprising science of workplace training – an assemblage of common misconceptions about training and development, corrected by research findings
Believers, Seekers and Sceptics: What teachers think about continuing professional development – 6-page Wellcome Trust report on CPD attitudes
What research is there around effective CPD?
Professor Rob Coe discusses the findings of the TDT’s review of what works in teacher develoment – Developing Great Teaching. Find out more and download the research.
Cordingley P, Bell M, Thomason S, Firth A (2005) The impact of collaborative continuing professional development (CPD) on classroom teaching and learning. Review: How do collaborative and sustained CPD and sustained but not collaborative CPD affect teach
Robinson, V. M. J. & Timperley, H. S. (2007) ‘The leadership of the improvement of teaching and learning: Lessons from initiatives that have positive outcomes for students’ Australian Journal of Education.
How effective is the professional development undertaken by teachers?